Cholesterol is a fatty substance present in the cells of the body. Usually it assists in production of hormone , vitamin D and supports cell. It travels in the form of lipoproteins consist of fat and proteins. Two types of cholesterol are low-density lipoproteins (LDL) and high-density lipoproteins (HDL). In this LDL cholesterol is known as bad because it piles up in artery and leads to complications. HDL works to purify the blood. Excess of cholesterol in the blood leads to a condition called High blood Cholesterol.
Coronary Heart Disease or coronary artery disease occurs when high blood cholesterol become sticky clogging artery walls causing blocks. This lessen the blood flow and results in heart attack. Fatality doubles when cholesterol level increases at the presence of high Blood Pressure and diabetes.
How cholesterol level increase in the body
- Consuming fatty food
- Reduced physical activity
- Heavy smoking
- Defects of kidney and liver
- Type 2 diabetes
How can we reduce risk to heart ?
- Limit high blood pressure
- Less intake of fatty foods
- Always maintain weight desirable to your age and body
- Do engage in any physical activity or exercise regularly
- Regulate smoking and alcohol consumption
Fortis center for heart failure and transplant is a unit of Fortis Healthcare Ltd. An expert team consisting 15 doctors will provide world class treatment to the patients. Dr. Balakrishnan is specialised in End-stage heart failure management (Heart Transplant and VAD implant) ,pediatric cardiac surgery and Lung Transplant.
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