Friday, 26 August 2016

Excess Cholesterol disrupts your heart function

Your heart is your life , a minute of disruption can be fatal to your entire health. Amongst thousand reasons, Cholesterol is one of the important factors which leads to chronic heart failure. Fortis Center For Heart Failure and Transplant provides best heart care in Chennai, Tamil Nadu.

Cholesterol is a fatty substance present in the cells of the body. Usually it assists in production of hormone , vitamin D and supports cell. It travels in the form of lipoproteins consist of fat and proteins. Two types of cholesterol are  low-density lipoproteins (LDL) and high-density lipoproteins (HDL). In this LDL cholesterol is known as bad because it piles up in artery and leads to complications. HDL works to purify the blood.  Excess of cholesterol in the blood leads to a condition called High blood Cholesterol.

Coronary Heart Disease or coronary artery disease occurs when high blood cholesterol become sticky clogging artery walls causing blocks. This lessen the blood flow and  results in heart attack. Fatality doubles when cholesterol level increases at the presence of  high Blood Pressure  and diabetes.

How  cholesterol level  increase in the body

  • Consuming fatty food
  • Reduced physical activity
  • Obesity
  • Heavy smoking
  • Defects of kidney and liver
  • Alcoholism
  • Heredity
  • Type 2 diabetes

How can we reduce risk to heart ?

  • Limit high blood pressure
  • Less intake of fatty foods
  • Always maintain weight desirable to your age and body
  • Do engage in any physical activity or exercise regularly
  • Regulate smoking and alcohol consumption

Fortis center for heart failure and transplant is a unit  of Fortis Healthcare Ltd. An expert team consisting 15 doctors will provide world class treatment to the patients. Dr. Balakrishnan is specialised in End-stage heart failure management (Heart Transplant and VAD implant) ,pediatric cardiac surgery and Lung Transplant.

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Thursday, 21 January 2016

Heart Attack

More than a million Americans suffer heart attacks each year. Heart attack or myocardial infarction - irreversible damage to the heart muscle. "Myo" means muscle, "Card" refers to the heart, "a heart attack" means death of tissue due to lack of blood supply.

What happens during a heart attack? 

Heart muscle requires a continuous supply of blood rich in oxygen to power. The coronary arteries provide the heart of a significant amount of blood. If you have coronary artery disease, the arteries become narrowed and blood can not move them properly. Fatty substances, calcium, proteins and inflammatory cells accumulate within the artery and form plaques of various sizes. These plaques are hard on the outside but soft and porous inside.

If the plaque is very hard, outer shell cracks (plaque rupture), platelets (disc-shaped particles in the blood responsible for blood clotting) come to this area, and around the plaque build up blood clots. If blood clots totally block the artery, the heart muscle begins to lack oxygen. Within a short period of time, cardiac muscle cells begin to die, causing irreversible damage. Here's what happens during a heart attack. In addition, a heart attack can also be caused by coronary artery spasm. During the spasm of the coronary arteries are reduced, reducing blood flow to the heart (ischemia). Spasm may occur at rest, and may even occur in people who do not have coronary artery disease. Each coronary artery supplies blood to the area of ​​the heart muscle. The amount of damage to the heart muscle depends on the size of the field, to supply the blocked artery and the time between injury and treatment. Treatment of heart muscle begins soon after a heart attack and takes about eight weeks. Like a wound on the skin, the wound on the heart and heal the damaged area will remain a scar. But the new scar tissue does not contract. Therefore, the heart's ability to pump blood is reduced after a heart attack. The degree of reduction of the capacity depends on the size and location of the scar.

Symptoms and signs of heart attack 
  • Heart attack symptoms include: Discomfort, pressure, heaviness, or pain in the chest, arm or below the breastbone 
  • Discomfort, extending to the back, jaw, throat or arm 
  • The congestion in the ears, indigestion or choking feeling 
  • Sweating, nausea, vomiting or dizziness 
  • Extreme weakness, anxiety or shortness of breath 
  • Heart palpitations or arrhythmia 

During a heart attack symptoms continue for 30 minutes or longer and do not subside with rest or nitroglycerin. Some people have a heart attack occurs without symptoms (asymptomatic myocardial infarction). Asymptomatic myocardial infarction may occur in any but the most common among people with diabetes. What should be done during a heart attack? After a heart attack, prompt treatment is necessary for the release of the blocked artery and reduce the size of the damage. At the first sign of a heart attack, call an ambulance. It is best to start treatment within 1-2 hours after the first symptoms appear. Waiting increases the damage to the heart and reduces the chance for salvation. Keep in mind that chest discomfort can be described many ways. They can occur in the chest or arms, back, jaw. Please note, if you experience these symptoms. These are warning signals of heart disease. Urgently seek medical advice.

What treatment is used in heart attack?

 After the diagnosis of a heart attack, treatment begins immediately, perhaps in an ambulance or emergency room. For the treatment of heart attack used drugs and surgery.

How to prevent an attack in the future? 

After a heart attack, the goal is to maintain a healthy heart and reduce the risk of another heart attack. The best way to prevent further attacks is taking medication, lifestyle changes and regular doctor's tricks.

Contact your doctor sooner if you experience symptoms such as chest pain that occurs more often in strength increases, lasts longer, or spreads to other areas, shortness of breath, especially at rest, dizziness.  Fortis Heart Failure Center In Tamil Nadu - India provides treatment for all kinds of Heart Problems and Provides Heart Transplantation In India.
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